Ocular diseases

After discussion at the Committee of 19 January 2008, the Committee Club Dwarf Spaniels English decides to retain four eye defects

- Dry keratoconjunctivitis
- Congenital cataracts associated with microphthalmia
- Posterior cortical cataract
- Progressive retinal degeneration. (APR)

The keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) is a condition of eye very common in dogs. It is most often an origin immune, small breeds are predisposed.
It results in causing dry eye irritation surfaces of the eye, especially the conjunctiva and cornea.

The Microphthalmia (or "eye too small") whose mode of transmission is "autosomal recessive" - that is to say, for the "uninitiated "Under the control of a gene carried by the non-sex chromosomes, and requiring both parents are carriers for at least puppies are achieved - is characterized by a micro cornea (diameter less than 11 mm).

Cataract causes a partial or total opacity crystalline discomfort is proportional to the opacity. Its mode of transmission is autosomal recessive, associated with microphthalmia. It may also appear independently between 6 months and 2 years of age, mode of transmission is not known.

The Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) is a disease due to inherited defect in a single gene (monogenic), unbound the sex of the individual (autosomal) and requiring the transmission of the gene defective both parents to offspring (recessive).

When King Charles breeder sign the "quality charter" club race,

it undertakes, among other things, to conduct research possible heart defects and eye

in all breeding.

Any ocular anomalies are also,
sought in All Breeding.

The veterinary ophthalmologist practice, therefore, with various materials,
this research in the dog's eyes.

The vet begins by examining the outside of the eye and then
after dilation of the pupil and a magnifying lamp,
it examines the inside of the eye fundus to which he sees the image
of the retina.

These tests are carried out in a dark room because only
the examined eye should be informed by the headlamp practitioner.

Following the review, a report is given to the farmer
and forwarded to the club, thus, according to the results,
or not to put the dogs examined reproduction.

Our Fée Titania with dilated pupils